Doha: The majority of patients with COVID-19 in Qatar will now be discharged from healthcare facilities fourteen days after their first positive swab. To date, many patients have remained in hospital or isolation facilities for longer than fourteen days as their discharge required them to have two negative PCR test results before leaving the facility. The new protocol will benefit patients by enabling them to return home and back to normal life as quickly as possible.
新冠患者出院的新方案是一个振奋人心的进步，这也使卡塔尔与最新的科学证据保持一致，该证据表明，从第一次出现拭子测试阳性开始十天后，大多数患者不在具有新冠病毒传染性”，哈马德医学公司（HMC）的病毒学家Naema Al Molawi博士说。
“The new protocol for discharging patients with COVID-19 is an encouraging step forward and brings Qatar in line with the most recent scientific evidence showing that after ten days from the first positive swab, the majority of patients are no longer contagious with COVID-19,” said Dr Naema Al Molawi, Virologist at Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC).
“Our process for discharge so far has required patients to wait for two negative swabs before being able to return home. However, a negative test result can take a number of weeks to come through because for some people the body still contains traces of the virus. However, guidance from around the world, including the United Kingdom, United States, and Germany shows that patients are no longer contagious after ten days. In Qatar, we will go a step further with a fourteen-day period between the first positive swab and discharge,” added Dr. Al Molawi.
The new discharge policy applies only to those patients who do not require medical support. Any patient with moderate to severe symptoms that require ongoing medical treatment will continue to be cared for in a medical facility until their symptoms subside.
“在新政策下，无症状患者-那些没有表现出症状的人员-在第一次检测出来后14天后解除隔离。对于轻症患者，在诊断后14天或症状缓解后至少五天中较长的时间后，可以终止隔离。”Hazm Mebaireek综合医院感染控制负责人Nasser Al Ansari解释到。
“Under the new policy asymptomatic patients – those who display no symptoms – will be discharged fourteen days from initial diagnosis. For mildly symptomatic patients, isolation can be discontinued fourteen days from diagnosis and a minimum of five days from resolution of symptoms, whichever is longer,” explained Dr. Nasser Al Ansari, Head of Infection Control at Hazm Mebaireek General Hospital.
“在过去的几周中，我们发现从COVID-19完全康复的患者人数有所增加。这非常令人鼓舞，我们希望这一数字在不久的将来会继续增加。尽管有些人可能因该病毒而病重，但绝大多数患者可以完全康复，并且仅会出现轻微症状。重要的是，人们必须了解世界各地有清楚的证据表明，经过十天的病毒测试呈阳性，人们不再具有传染性。这意味着他们无法将病毒传播给其他人，因此可以返回家园并开始恢复正常生活，” Al Ansari博士说
“Over the past few weeks we have been seeing an increase in the number of patients making a full recovery from COVID-19. This is very encouraging, and we expect the number to continue to increase in the near future. While some people can become seriously ill as a result of the virus, the vast majority of patients make a full recovery and experience only mild symptoms. It is important that people understand there is clear evidence from around the world that after ten days of testing positive for the virus people are no longer contagious. This means they cannot pass the virus on to other people and can therefore return home and start to get back to their normal lives,” said Dr. Al Ansari.
Upon discharge from a hospital or isolation facility, patients should follow the instructions provided by medical professionals, including downloading and activating the Ehteraz mobile application. They should also remain in home quarantine – not leaving home for any reason – for an additional week and their Ehteraz status will remain yellow for this period of time.
经修订的政策已获得公共卫生部的批准，其依据是有关病毒动力学的最新科学知识以及美国和欧洲疾病控制与预防中心指南以及世界卫生组织指南的最新变化。 ”，传染病中心医学总监兼COVID-19医学总监Muna Al Maslamani博士解释说。
“The revised policy, which was approved by the Ministry of Public Health, is based on the latest scientific knowledge about the dynamics of the virus and the recent changes in US and European Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines as well as World Health Organization guidelines,” explained Dr. Muna Al Maslamani, Medical Director, Communicable Disease Center and the Medical Director for COVID-19.
“The policy will apply to the vast majority of COVID-19 patients; however, there are some exceptions. If the patient is returning to a household which includes one or more people over 60 years of age, and it is judged appropriate, an additional COVID-19 test will be done prior to discharge. If the test is positive the patient will remain in a hospital or isolation facility for further seven days and will then be discharged without a repeat test. Additionally, hospitalized patients, especially older patients and those with chronic conditions, who had required acute care because of severe COVID-19 symptoms, will be judged on a case-by-case basis by the treating physician before discontinuing isolation,” added Dr. Al Maslamani.